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Overview of the new rules

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Why new rules?

The standard of electrical safety in Sweden is high. Even so, the old rules were complex and difficult to understand, with no clear division of responsibilities between companies and authorised electricians. The system needed to be updated to bring it in line with modern society. We also wanted to:

  • make it easier for individuals to improve the quality of the work done on their electrical installations.
  • make it easier for the Swedish National Electrical Safety Board to perform its supervisory duties.

It was against this background that the government decided to set up an enquiry in 2013 to look at electrical safety rules and the authorisation to carry out electrical installations. The National Electrical Safety Board was involved in the enquiry as an expert alongside other experts from the commercial and academic worlds, etc.

The findings of the enquiry formed the basis of a government bill which was passed on 7 April 2016. As a result a new Electrical Safety Act came into force on 1 July 2017.

These are the new rules

  • All companies working with electricity (electrical installation work) must have a self-audit scheme guaranteeing that the work is carried out correctly by a person with the correct skills.
  • Companies carrying out electrical installation work on equipment which is not their own must register the activity with the National Electrical Safety Board.
  • Electrical installation work can only be carried out by:
    - Individuals who are authorised, or
    - Individuals who are covered by an electrical installation company’s self-audit scheme.
  • The National Electrical Safety Board decides whether to authorise electricians on the basis of an application.
  • The rules have been consolidated into a new Electrical Safety Act (elsäkerhetslag) with corresponding ordinance (elsäkerhetsförordning).

The new rules took effect on 1 July 2017.

Changes for companies

  • All companies working with electricity (electrical installation work) are affected. Explicit requirements have been introduced stating how electrical installations must be carried out, and the company doing the work is responsible for ensuring that the requirements are met.
  • The companies must have at least one compliance officer and must operate a self-audit scheme. This applies even if companies are working on their own equipment.
  • Companies doing work on equipment which is not their own must register the activity with the National Electrical Safety Board.     
  • The company is responsible for ensuring that the work is done properly and that a self-audit scheme is in place. The self-audit scheme replaces the supervision which authorised electricians used to provide. The new rules for companies give the National Electrical Safety Board plenty of scope to verify that the rules are being followed. The self-audit scheme must ensure that the electrical installations meet the applicable requirements and are carried out by individuals with adequate professional skills.
  • Companies carrying out electrical installation work on their own equipment do not need to register with the National Electrical Safety Board, but they must have at least one compliance officer and a self-audit scheme.

Changes for authorised electricians

  • The electrical installation company has taken over the supervision of electricians. 
  • Work must always be done in accordance with the company’s self-audit scheme.
  • Some authorised electricians have been given a new role as a compliance officer. All companies must have at least one compliance officer to help ensure that all work is done in compliance with the Electrical Safety Act and associated regulations.
  • The National Electrical Safety Board decides whether to authorise electricians on the basis of an application. Authorised electricians who already have an old-style authorisation do not need to reregister. The old authorisation will be converted automatically to a new authorisation.

Changes for electricians without authorisation

  • From 1 July 2017, electricians who used to work under the supervision of an authorised electrician are instead covered by the company’s self-audit scheme. The self-audit scheme determines what work they are allowed to do.
  • Work must always be done in accordance with the company’s self-audit scheme.

Changes for consumers

The new rules make it easier for consumers to check qualifications. All companies carrying out electrical installation work on equipment which is not their own, must be registered with the National Electrical Safety Board. This makes it easy for consumers to check that the company they are planning to engage meets certain basic requirements and comes under the supervision of the National Electrical Safety Board.

On 1 July 2017, the National Electrical Safety Board launched an e-service called Kolla elföretaget ("Check an electrical company"), which can be used to check electrical companies 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

More information

Other web sites

Responsible: Karin Sjöberg
Published: 2016-12-07
Updated: 2016-12-07